Dental braces are wire-based devices used by orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them for a better bite, while also aiming to improve dental health. Braces also fix gaps.
Types of dental braces
1.Traditional metal wired braces – They are stainless – steel and are sometimes used in combination with titanium. Traditional metal braces are the most common type of braces. These braces have a metal bracket with elastic (rubber band) ties holding the wire onto the metal brackets.
2. Self-ligating braces – They are very similar in appearance to traditional metal braces, but utilize clips rather than elastic bands to hold the wire of the brace in place. As a result, there is less friction on the braces and it is usually easier for the individual to keep the braces and teeth clean.
3. Gold- plated stainless steel braces – They are often used for patients allergic to nickel (a basic and important component of stainless steel), but may also be chosen because some people simply prefer the look of gold over the traditional silver-colored braces.
4. Lingual braces – They are a cosmetic alternative in which custom-made braces are bonded to the back of the teeth making them externally invisible. This type has the obvious advantage of not being visible to other people because they are hidden behind the teeth.
5. Invisalign – They are the most distinct type of braces because they do not involve brackets and wires but instead utilize a series of custom-made clear plastic aligners that are worn over the teeth. This type of braces is preferable for many patients because they are almost invisible and allow greater freedom to eat and drink anything.
6. Titanium braces – They resemble stainless-steel braces but are lighter and just as strong. People with allergies to the nickel in steel often choose titanium braces, but they are more expensive than stainless steel braces.
7. Progressive clear removable aligners – They may be used to gradually move teeth into their final positions. Aligners are generally not used for complex orthodontic cases, such as when extractions, jaw surgery, or palate expansion are necessary.
Teeth braces side effects
Some discomfort with braces is normal and should be expected. Since braces work by manually shifting your teeth into proper alignment, discomfort is an effect more often than not. This can be concentrated on your teeth or manifest as headaches, both of which are common.
Your mouth won’t be used to the wires and brackets that make up the braces you’re wearing, and it will take a while for your lips to adjust to the right position. During this time, it’s very likely that you will feel some mild irritation.
3. Oral Hygiene Issues
Wearing braces requires more attention to maintain. When you are wearing a brace, it’s very important to brush and floss your teeth after eating to keep the area clean and free of bacteria, but there is no reason that the braces themselves should affect your oral health.
Loose or broken wires and brackets can scratch or irritate the cheeks, gums or lips, so it’s important to get breaks fixed as soon as they occur. You can reduce the likelihood of harming your braces by avoiding hard and crunchy foods as these can catch in the wires or brackets.
5. Jaw Pain
Jaw pain is a possible side effect of braces, especially if your treatment requires the realignment of your jaw.
6. Difficulty Eating
Difficulty chewing and eating food, especially after a tightening.
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